Angkor Hospital for Children Cambodia

Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC) is a charitably-funded pediatric hospital in Siem Reap, Cambodia, with 70 beds and 4,000 admissions annually. Caring for children under 16 years of age, the hospital provides services including: (1) general pediatrics (acute care on IPD [in- patient department] and low-acuity care on LAU [low-acuity unit]); (2) pediatric surgery (PSW); and (3) emergency and pediatric intensive care (ICU/ER).

Background: Antimicrobial resistance threatens human health worldwide. Antimicrobial misuse is a major driver of resistance. Promoting appropriate antimicrobial use requires an understanding of how clinical microbiology services are utilized, particularly in resource-limited settings.

Objectives: To assess the appropriateness of antimicrobial prescribing and the factors affecting utilization of the established clinical microbiology service (CMS). The CMS comprises the microbiology laboratory, clinical microbiologists (infection doctors) and antimicrobial treatment guidelines.